Food, livestock, and game in the Novgorod birchbark documents

Many birchbark documents from Novgorod discuss trade, tribute or debt. Food appears frequently as a medium of exchange, as tribute, or simply in a shopping list. Various cereals are mentioned often including rye, barley, wheat and oats. Other items such as peas, hops, cheese, beer, wine, fish, game, livestock and flax appear as well. I…

Russian names from the Trinity- Sergius Monastery

My article ‘Inscriptions for their memory: 14-17th century Russian names from the collections of the Trinity-Sergius monastery ‘ is now available in the online Proceedings of the 2017 Known World Heralds and Scribes Symposium. Direct link to the article. Image credit: Trinty- Sergius in the 19th c, Wikimedia Commons

Birchbark documents in Novgorod. 

Much of Novgorod’s casual personal and business correspondence was carried out on birchbark, including collections and records of debts, directives from landowners to peasants, shopping lists, child’s writing practice, personal letters, and much more. (Thompson 56-63, Petrova et al 38-40, Franklin 37) Birchbark is also found as containers, fishing floats and shoes. (Kolchin) While birchbark…