Food, livestock, and game in the Novgorod birchbark documents

Many birchbark documents from Novgorod discuss trade, tribute or debt. Food appears frequently as a medium of exchange, as tribute, or simply in a shopping list. Various cereals are mentioned often including rye, barley, wheat and oats. Other items such as peas, hops, cheese, beer, wine, fish, game, livestock and flax appear as well. I…

Birchbark documents in Novgorod. 

Much of Novgorod’s casual personal and business correspondence was carried out on birchbark, including collections and records of debts, directives from landowners to peasants, shopping lists, child’s writing practice, personal letters, and much more. (Thompson 56-63, Petrova et al 38-40, Franklin 37) Birchbark is also found as containers, fishing floats and shoes. (Kolchin) While birchbark…

Birch Bark boxes from Novgorod 

I made a pair of birch bark boxes. I had first thought the patterns on the ones found in Novgorod were painted, but better pictures showed that at least some were just incised.  I originally painted the designs on purchased boxes, but then assembled them from birch bark, after incising the patterns witha bone  folder….