Laurel lunula from Tullia

Tullia made lovely little laurel stamped lunulas, and gifted me one. This meant I had to string it. I looked at a few examples of strung lunulas. Source: PMA Cyfrowe Zasoby Muzeum Archeologicznego date: XII -XIII c. place: unknown From Nitra, Slovakia I settled on this set of beads from Novgorod as my inspiration. Source:…

Laurel Diadem

A silk diadem based on 12th century finds from Novgorod, in particular a reconstruction of one of several diadems found in the Boris and Gleb cathedral. The diadem from grave 285 was reconstructed by AA Strokov based on the position of multiple types of plaques and other ornament found in the burial. Other graves in…

Tetralogical Illumination in Medieval Russia

I taught a class at An Tir Collegium 2018 on my favorite Russian illumination style, the tetralogical, or knotwork style. That handout is expanded from previous versions, and available here: Tetralogical Ilumination in Medieval Russia

Temple Ring pendants part 3: Coil temple rings and bells.

The three tiered pendants I made earlier needed different temple rings in order to match the actual find. This particular set was found attached to temple rings with a coil terminal, next to a chain with a bell attached, as seen on the bottom left, below. Source: Glasov I made these temple rings in much…

Tiered bronze temple ring pendants, part 2

I’ve completed two of the sets of bronze tiered pendants I started, one two tiered and one three tiered. These are meant to hang from medieval Russian temple rings, as in the example below: I am looking at the middle and bottom right sets specifically. I had previously cut out and decorated the trapezoidal components:…

Coil temple rings

Coil, also called curly, temple rings consist of wire coils wrapped around a larger gauge hoop. Found mostly in the west, there are also 2 13th c examples from Novgorod. (Kolchin & Makarova) This is one of the types of temple rings that is also described in the literature as earrings. It is certainly possible…

Tiered Pendants in Bronze, in progress.

These bronze trapezoids are on their way to be tiered pendants to hang from some of my larger plain temple rings, just as the silver ones do from my Rhomboidal temple rings. I have several examples of varying complexity, and plenty of bronze sheet, so I’m going to make a few different sets. Like these…

Two more Russian banners

Here are two more pre 1600 banners, and a link to the museum holding the standard of Yermak Timofeevich, from the previous post. Thanks to Kseniia for the links! Again, these banners have images of saints, with inscriptions. One is painted and gilded, while the other is embroidered. The gonfalon “Fatherland” with the Mother of…

Two inscribed tally sticks from Novgorod.

Tally sticks are notched and split sticks that record an amount paid, owed, done or collected, and are known from many finds in Russia as well as in western Europe. Some tally sticks are inscribed with the name of the debtor or the owner. Both of these finds from Novgorod have inscriptions. The top tally…

Two pre 1600 Russian banners.

I’ve been looking for extant Russian banners. Certainly the idea of pennants, etc is known, as can be seen in this 15th C icon showing the 12thC battle of the Novgorodians and Suzdalians. Source: WikiMedia Commons. Here’s the two I have so far, both with saintly imagery and text: One is painted canvas from the…

Braid Style Throne Favor

A Throne Favor for Aryana. Based on a 15th c manuscript from Novgorod. Hand mixed pigments (synthetic vermilion, indigo, ocher, and titanium white) and India ink on pergamenta. Approximately 7″x 9″. Text is English transcribed into Cyrillic. This style is known as balkan braid, and is one of the common styles of ornament of the…

14th- 15th c Manuscript Production in Novgorod.

Many medieval Russian manuscripts were produced by and for clergy, though lay production is known. Novgorod was a center of production, centering around the archbishopric, and then expanding in the 15th century to the monasteries. Types of manuscripts made included Gospels, Psalters, Lectionaries, Bibles, books of sermons, commentaries, chronicles, and miscellanies. (Popova 1984, Smirnova) Manuscript…